Eckart Woertz is director of the GIGA Institute of Middle East Studies in Hamburg and professor of contemporary Middle East history at the University of Hamburg. Formerly he was a senior research fellow at the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB), a visiting fellow at Princeton University, and director of economic studies at the Gulf Research Center (GRC) in Dubai. He has worked for banks in Germany and the United Arab Emirates and consulted international and regional organizations such as UNCTAD, the Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and the Saudi Ministry of Economy and Planning. His research interests comprise the political economy of the Middle East and North Africa, energy issues, and food security. He is author of Oil for Food (Oxford University Press 2013), co-editor of the Water-Energy Food Nexus in the Middle East and North Africa (Routledge 2016) and editor of GCC Financial Markets (Gerlach Press 2012). Articles by him have been published in the Middle East Journal, Food Policy, Food Security, International Development Policy, the International Journal of Water Resources Development, Third World Quarterly, Global Environment, Globalizations, The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Foreign Policy, Financial Times, several Oxford Handbooks and other edited volumes.